Autism and Homelessness

Autism and Homelessness

As a regional charity, Autism Anglia has observed the difficulties individuals with autism face with homelessness and gaining appropriate and timely support around their housing needs. There is a definite lack of understanding towards autistic individuals and a superficial judgement is often made about their capabilities. This prevents them being prioritised appropriately and effectively. We have been happy to work with Dr Anna Kennedy OBE UK Autism Ambassador, Founder UK Autism Charity AnnaKennedyonline on a recent homelessness case. Anna has kindly agreed to give her support to Autism Anglia, to a future project analysing the number of homeless people who are autistic.

Anna Kennedy shares ‘  I am happy to support Autism Anglia with their project on Autism and Homelessness since working alongside Annie Sands on a recent case ,I was impressed with their knowledge , care and support for this vulnerable autistic adult. More work and awareness raising needs to undertaken in this area’

Someone can be vulnerable due to their physical or learning disability under the ‘Priority Need of the Homeless Code of Guidance for Local Authorities.’ However, this is down to individual statutory interpretation. For example in a recent case the Local authority commented on the individual’s ability to drive, making an assumption he was not vulnerable. Driving requires executive functioning whereas communication is multi-faceted. Being able to drive does not require emotional and social function, which autistic people can struggle with and therefore, both are not the same.

“The Prevalence of Autistic Traits in a Homeless Population-April 10th 2018.”  States- “Anecdotal evidence suggests that autistic people experience an elevated risk of homelessness.” -Therefore local authorities should look at processes to enhance levels of understanding to prevent this group from further vulnerability and risk. More than ever, this will be paramount with the introduction of Universal credit and all the complexities that brings.

Local authorities should provide specific autism training to their staff and the necessary support that individual’s require when seeking housing advice in order to prevent homelessness. From our experience, we regularly observe little joined up working among statutory agencies and often, the autistic individual is the ‘ping pong ball’ between two bats.

CEO of Autism Anglia, Alan Bicknell, says: “housing is such a basic need for people that anything we can do to improve the situation must help in some way.” We are about to extend an invitation to local housing organisations and councils to progress this issue.

Anna Kennedy OBE

Anna Kennedy OBE interviews BBC Radio 1 Teen Hero of 2018

Anna Kennedy OBE interviews BBC Radio 1 Teen Hero of 2018

This week Anna Kennedy OBE’s guest on Women’s Radio Station ‘All Things Autism’ Show is one of her new young Charity Ambassadors Siena Castellon. Siena was one of the BBC Radio 1 three Teen Heroes of 2018. The outstanding young winners have all proven their dedication to helping others through selfless, brave and exceptional achievements.

Anna and Siena’s interview can be listened to again online at 1pm each day this week on

Siena shares:

“I was diagnosed as being autistic when I was 12. My autism diagnosis was welcomed with open arms. I always knew I was different, I just didn’t know why. I finally had an explanation. My diagnosis allowed me to understand myself better. It also made me realise that I was not alone. Finding out that there are other people out there who are like me was very comforting and empowering.

I recently signed a book deal with Jessica Kingsley Publishing to write a survival guide for autistic teen girls. I am really excited about this opportunity, because I wish there had been a practical and informative book written for autistic girls when I was growing up. Most of the existing books are written by neurotypical adults and are written for parents or for autistic boys. I will be covering topics, such as masking, social interaction, managing sensory issues, hygiene, self-esteem, mental health, dating and navigating social media. I am thrilled that the book will be illustrated by a female autistic artist whose work I love and that the foreword will be written by Dr Temple Grandin, someone who I greatly admire. It was important to me that I put together a female autistic team, which is not as easy as it may sound.

In addition to being an autism advocate, I am also an anti-bullying campaigner. I’ve been bullied at school for most of my life. There have been occasions when the bullying was so intolerable that I’ve had to leave the school. In fact, I’ve had to leave three schools because of severe bullying. Being bullied has a devastating effect on you physically, emotionally and mentally. At one point I was so traumatised, I was diagnosed with bullying-related PTSD and was home educated.

For me, the most difficult part about being bullied has been having schools look the other way or worse yet, blame me for being “different” or for not trying harder to “fit in.” It’s also hard when so many bystanders see the abuse and either ignore it or join in. I decided to become an anti-bullying campaigner when I learned that my autism-related bullying experience wasn’t unique to me, that 75% of autistic kids report being bullied. Last year, I served on the Diana Award National Anti-bullying Youth Board, which gave me a national platform through which to share my story and raise awareness of disability-related bullying.

I recently launched my Neurodiversity Celebration Week campaign which aims to encourage schools to recognise and celebrate the strengths of their neurodivergent students. As a student who is autistic, dyslexic and dyspraxic and has ADHD, I know how demoralising our school day can be. The school day revolves around reading, writing and spelling, skills many of us really struggle with. We are often made to feel like failures. Many of our classmates assume we’re not smart, because we have special educational needs.

I want to flip the narrative so that schools stop focusing only on the negative aspects of having learning differences, to also focusing on the strengths. It’s important that SEN students realise that just because you’re not acing school doesn’t mean you’re going to be a failure and will have no career prospects. Many successful entrepreneurs are dyslexic, many people in media and entertainment have ADHD and many scientists, mathematicians and computer programmers are autistic.

Although I just launched the campaign, I currently have 85 schools and over 51,600 students taking part this May 13 – May 17. I also have the support of 19 charities, including Anna Kennedy Online, the ADHD Foundation, the Dyslexia Association and the Dyspraxia Foundation. If you’re a parent and would like your child’s school to participate in Neurodiversity Celebration Week, please ask your school to register at”

Homeless autistic man with tumours told he is not a priority by Cornwall Council

Homeless autistic man with tumours told he is not a priority by Cornwall Council

CORNWALL Council has today been named and shamed by autism activist Anna Kennedy OBE after the council told an autistic man with numerous health conditions that he was ‘not a priority’ for housing.

Dominic Clark Campbell, 46, has been sleeping rough on a street bench for just under a week. Mr Campbell approached Cornwall Council in a desperate plea for some support after losing his job due to ill health but was told he was not a priority.

It is a view shared by Charity Today editor and UK Charity Week founder Lee Rayment, who Added:

“The council should have a plan B, especially for those as vulnerable as Dominic. It’s people like Anna that keep my faith in humanity because right now our politicians and councils are only looking inwards, yet these are the very people employed to be dealing with this kind of thing.

“The public has been very supportive of Anna’s efforts for Dominic, and it just goes to show that if people join forces good things can be achieved. Now it’s over to Cornwall Council to show what they are about.”

Autism campaigner Anna Kennedy OBE told Charity Today:

“This man is alone and autistic, and as if that is not enough, he is living with a number of serious health conditions, including; tumours, NF1, intense headaches and skin conditions amongst many other painful symptoms. I feel absolutely ashamed of what our country is coming to, how can we treat people like this?”

Anna has since set up a fundraising page for Dominic to get him a little support, the initial goal was £500, but this has since risen to £1,400. Anna has also paid for him to have three nights at the local Travelodge in the hope that something can be sorted for him quickly.We are awaiting formal comment from Cornwall Council.

You can donate to the Fundraising Page, by clicking here.


The Autism Podcast – Episode 6 – Interview with Anna Kennedy OBE!

The Autism Podcast – Episode 6 – Interview with Anna Kennedy OBE!

The Autism Podcast, delivered by the London Autism Group Charity, is the definitive autism related podcast. The podcast aims to improve our understanding of autism, boost acceptance, reduce autism stigma, and generate impact, transformation ideas ranging from practical everyday advice to thoughts on policy, practice, and wider socio-cultural challenges.

Dr Chris Papadopoulos talks with Anna Kennedy OBE, one of the most well known autism campaigners particularly in the UK. Anna talks about her extraordinary personal story and life including how she entered the world of autism. She then explains the various work she and her charity are involved with including schools and respite centres she set up, the Give Us A Break campaign, Autism’s Got Talent, the Autism Hero Awards and AKO Autism Expo, and her thoughts on why and how her charity has been so successful. 

Episode timeline:

  • Meeting her husband and moving to London: 3:46 – 7:07
  • Patrick, Angelo and setting up her first support group and schools: 7.08 – 30:35
  • Empowering parents: 30:36 – 41:37 / 45:27 – 48:31 
  • Cultural stigma, shame and bullying: 41:38 – 45:27 
  • Autism’s Got Talent: 48:32 – 58:20 
  • Autism With Attitude and street dancing 58:21 – 1:00:20/ 1:17:41 
  • Producing music and Building Bridges: 1:00:21 – 1:03:27
  • Burnout, building resilience, and breaking away from a strict upbringing: 1:05:30 – 1:11:20 
  • Anna’s appearance on The People’s Strictly: 1:11:21 – 1:17:40 
  • Giving hope to others and advice to those thinking of helping others: 1:21:15 – 1:23:05 
  • AKO Autism Expo, Autism Reality Experience, Women’s Radio Show and final words of advice: 1:23:06 – 1:30:43 


Dawn Assefa on Women’s Radio Station – the importance of extended family

Dawn Assefa on Women’s Radio Station – the importance of extended family

Anna’s guest this week was Dawn Assefa a mum to Hannah diagnosed on the autism spectrum and Grandmother to three autistic children. Dawn shared her experience:

I had contacted Anna few years ago as I used to present a local radio show myself called ‘The Carers Show’ and asked Anna to be my guest to talk about autism and the work of her charity Anna Kennedy Online.

Wear it for Autism winner 2013 
Styled by Phil Tarling

We spoke about an event at that time called “Wear it for Autism”, created by Anna and my daughter who has an Autism Diagnosis was selected and had the opportunity to walk the catwalk in fashion week. Anna and her team made both my daughter and me so welcome.The event gave Hannah a real boost in her confidence in crowds that has given her so much confidence ever since.

During the show I shared with Anna about Hannah’s journey since then and how Hannah attends college and her future plans, as well as how I have found my daughter’s transition into adulthood an anxious time as Hannah is keen to navigate the world on her own and on her own terms.

I am a parent who respects that my daughter has the right to independence and the right to make her own mistakes but it’s particularly scary when your child has special needs in my case and predominantly wanted to share my experience of being first a parent as well as grandparent of three grandchildren who are on the spectrum.

My grandchildren’s parents and I  feel we are at advantage in some ways, for example my children have a babysitter who understands Autism to begin with, I have learnt strategies and gained an understanding with behaviours. I shared about mistakes that I made initially, for example when asked to meetings with professionals I tended to take over the meetings, and after my many years of trials of my own getting my daughter’s needs met, I can be very direct. My daughters quite rightly want to do things their own way who stopped me from attended these meetings at first, this made me learn to LISTEN to what my children wanted from me and not presume that I knew it all, which is certainly not the case.

In my family having girls and one boy on the spectrum, in our experience we have noticed a vast difference in gaining a diagnosis and correct support in school for the girls especially, I wish this would change. In my own family carers cope with other health issues and juggling responsibilities can be difficult at times.

Grandparents play an important role in the family of children on the autism spectrum as in supporting the parents their children and providing trusted childcare. Grandparents are great at researching information when needed. I love sharing family stories and it passes down information that could be useful in the future.

Periodically throughout the show Anna shared with the listeners about up to date news and events that were happening in the world of Autism, as carer as well as a guest I found it informative and interesting.

‘All in a Row’ Review

‘All in a Row’ Review

‘All in a Row’ is a new play from Alex Oates which is at the Southwark Playhouse; as of today (10th February 2019) it is yet to open to the public.

It would be fair to say the play has attracted some unfavourable comments, mainly because of the use of a grey faced puppet to portray an 11 year old boy, Laurence, who has a diagnosis of autistic spectrum condition with some challenging behaviour.

The description of Laurence as being “autistic, non-verbal, and occasionally violent” is a little unfortunate.  That said, I doubt if even the plays harshest critics would claim that Mr Oates is attempting to be deliberately offensive.

The story is set the day before Laurence is about to go to a residential school and, presumably, he is given a grey face because he is utterly dis-empowered from taking part in this process due to his difficulty with communication.

The criticism of the play has been fierce, a lot of focusing on the more obvious aspects of the play particularly the use of the puppet and from the photos shared, dehumanizing the character.

Whilst I originally thought it may have been better if a real child could have played this part, after watching the rehearsal, the theatre said this was laden with issues due to the highly charged emotional scenes in the play. I must say because of the social media negativity towards the puppet it was the first aspect of the play I was searching for.

It is actually just the upper torso made of soft grey felt fabric which is pliable and moves with ease and it is attached to a very talented puppeteer Hugh Purves. His lower body became the lower part of the boy.

The colour grey and type of felt fabric used I was told it would lend itself to the lighting on stage which I didn’t experience due to the rehearsal not based in the theatre.

In summary, ‘All in a Row’ is a play about the turmoil that a husband and wife are feeling the day before their beloved son is due to leave home. He is going to live in a residential placement 200 miles from their home. Their only solace at this traumatic time is that there will be horses, which is repeated many times throughout the play by Tamora and Martin for reassurance.

I wanted to make my own mind up about the play since I am a firm believer ‘if you haven’t seen it with your own eyes or heard it with your own ears its best to park it there’. It has great potential to raise autism awareness and to show the impact of making such a HUGE decision and my opinion to be given a fair hearing.

My suggestion would be that before commenting on the play, people should see the play first and evaluate what the writers and actors were trying to achieve and comment accordingly. If you still don’t like it, fair enough, and they can share your observations with the theatre in the Questions and Answer session on some of the days at the end of the play.

Please note ‘There are two autistic members of the team directly involved with Laurence’s characterisation’

I asked two of my team to come with me to watch the play with an open mind so we could share experiences:

Tally Nothey who has recently been through a very similar experience to this family shared:

Having viewed all the harsh negative commentary on social media I had originally thought people had seen the play or they knew something that I didn’t.

With real nervousness and trying to keep an open mind I was more than happy to be invited to the rehearsal.

I can honestly say I was taken back with the raw and honest performances from all the actors.

You can see how people on the spectrum had in one way or another touched the performers lives themselves. 

I found it at times so difficult to watch as it was a replay of my life in front of me, on a stage.

But, I loved every moment. I was in no way offended by the puppet. In many ways, it was the perfect way to depict their son.

The story is about a strained relationship held together by their son.

The cracks in their relationship resonated with me, I have supported many families where each partner wants a different outcome, but the underlying message in all of this is how deeply they love their son and accepting there is no shame in asking for help. 

Jo Wiggins Annand shared: 

Seeing the heart wrenching dynamics between the parents and the carer made this an emotional and gripping drama. First class acting and fantastic portrayals by the actors – I felt every feeling and emotion that they went through. I didn’t want it to end.

I too was intrigued to see what my thoughts were on the puppet Laurence but I can honestly say that once the play had started, the focus wasn’t on him.

This story is about the feelings and emotions that go with having to make life changing decisions like this. It was refreshing to see a play from the prospective of a mum, dad and carer who, may I add, did a superb job in portraying the roles. 

Surprisingly to me, I found him really endearing towards Laurence in the few scenes that were centred around him. I did not see him as a puppet, he was in fact Laurence. Being such a small cast of 4 including Laurence himself was perfect and it did not seem out of place to not use a child. I would in fact feel more uncomfortable had they have used a child due to some of the language and emotional scenes, hence why it has a 16+ age minimum.

Without giving too much away, by the end, there wasn’t a dry eye in the room and I think people will be pleasantly surprised by the emotions it captures. I highly recommend this outstanding play.’

My final thoughts as an Autism Advocate and Chair of an Autism Awareness Charity is that what is not helpful is criticism without evaluation. My concern is with this that autism may become a “toxic” subject in people’s minds and future films documentary or plays and reporters and artists etc may be afraid to go near it – and I am sure none of us want that as an autism community.

The creative team are:

  • Writer – Alex Oates
  • Director – Dominic Shaw
  • Designer – PJ McEvoy
  • Puppet designer and director – Siân Kidd
  • Lighting Designer – Rachel Sampley
  • Sound Designer – Ben Collins
  • Assistant Director – Annabelle Hollingdale

The cast are:

  • Tamora – Charlie Brooks
  • Martin – Simon Lipkin
  • Gary – Michael Fox
  • Laurence (puppeteer) – Hugh Purves

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